English Pronouns

English Pronouns

SUBJECT PRONOUNS

OBJECT PRONOUNS

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS

I

me

my

mine

myself

you

you

your

yours

yourself

he

him

his

his

himself

she

her

her

hers

herself

it

it

its

(its)

itself

we

us

our

ours

ourselves

you

you

your

yours

yourselves

they

them

their

theirs

themselves

· Subject Pronouns – I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they function as the subject of a sentence:

I live in New York.
Do you like playing tennis?
He doesn’t want to come this evening.
She works in London.
It won’t be easy.
We are studying pronouns at the moment.
You went to Paris last year, didn’t you?
They bought a new car last month.

· Object Pronouns – me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them serve as the object of a verb.

Give me the book.
He told you to come tonight.
She asked him to help.
They visited her when they came to New York.
She bought it at the store.
He picked us up at the airport.
The teacher asked you to finish your homework.
I invited them to a party.

· Possessive Pronouns – mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, yours, theirs show that something belongs to someone. That house is mine.
This is yours.
I’m sorry, that’s his.
Those books are hers.
Those students are ours.
Look over there, those seats are yours.
Theirs will be green.

· Demonstrative Pronouns – this, that, these, those refer to things. ‘this’ and ‘these’ refer to something that is near. ‘that’ and ‘those’ refer to things that are farther away.

This is my house.
That is our car over there.
These are my colleagues in this room.
Those are beautiful flowers in the next field.

· Possessive adjectives – my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their are often confused with possessive pronouns. The possessive adjective modifies the noun following it in order to show possession.

I’ll get my books.
Is that your car over there?
That is his teacher, Mr Jones.
I want to go to her store.
Its color is red.
Can we bring our children?
You are welcome to invite your husbands.

A reflexive pronoun is a special kind of pronoun. It is usually used when the object of a sentence is the same as the subject, as you will see below. Each personal pronoun (I, you, she, etc.) has its own reflexive form. This introduction will explain what the different forms of reflexive pronouns are, and when they are used.



The forms of reflexive pronouns

Personal Pronoun

Reflexive Pronoun

I

myself

you (singular)

yourself

you (plural)

yourselves

he

himself

she

herself

it

itself

we

ourselves

they

themselves



When to use a reflexive pronoun

Reflexive pronouns are used in three main situations:

When the subject and object are the same

I hurt myself.
The band call themselves “Dire Straits”.
He shot himself.

As the object of a preposition, referring to the subject

I bought a present for myself.
She did it by herself (=alone).
That man is talking to himself.

When you want to emphasize the subject

I’ll do it myself. (No-one else will help me.)
They ate all the food themselves.
(No-one else had any

1-) myself= the person I am.

2-) yourself= the person you are.

3-) himself= the person he is.

4-) herself = the person she is.

5-) itself = the animal it is.

6-) ourselves = the people we are.

7-) themselves= the people they are.

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